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托福独立口语的万能理由

2019-02-15 11:18

来源:新东方在线

作者:

  万能理由之一:Expand one's horizons

  作为万能理由的第一条,expand one's horizons 绝对是不二之选。究其本意,单数的horizon 是“地平线、海平线”的意思,但复数的horizons 却指人们的“眼界、视野”,其英文注释为:The limit of your ideas, knowledge and experience. 略举一例:World history is a course of study that will broaden your horizons.

  先看一个具体话题:

  Should the government help to build more museums and theaters?

  Yes, I think the government should help to build more recreational facilities.

  Enrich citizens' cultural life

  expand young people's horizons

  have a place to go for fun on weekends

  art exhibitions can improve public taste

  再来看一个抽象话题:Describe the most important decision in your life. 面对此类抽象话题,最佳策略是将其具体化,变成一个日常生活话题,然后套用 我们的万能理由。

  请看思路:

  I think I made the most important decision in my life by choosing to go to an overseas university after graduation from high school in China.

  而其中的一条主干理由就是:

  It would broaden my horizons. 比如: Broaden my horizons

  made friends with people from different backgrounds

  travelled a lot around Europe and North America

  visited various museums and historical places

  作为主干理由的 broaden my horizons,之下又 made friends, travelled a lot, visited various museums 等三条分支理由,思路极易展开。

  万能理由之二: Learn

  我们可以 learn skills, 也可以 learn lessons 或从某个experience 里面去learn,成为某种learning experience.

  很多情况下,knowledge 和 skills 是不分家的:比如Which of the following has more influence on you: newspaper, TV or teacher? 媒体类的newspaper 或TV 固然好讲,但teacher 无疑是最佳的选择,因为teacher 直接跟learning 挂钩:

  Teachers have more influence on me.

  Pass on me knowledge and skills:

  attending class is the only effective way of learning

  knowledge not found in textbooks can be acquired

  learn practical skills in addition to academic knowledge

  类似的解题思路还体现在:

  People who attend college will be more successful in career than those who don't.

  显然,这是必须同意的命题:

  Yes, it is generally true that attending college can increase the chance of career success.

  Learn a lot of vital skills and gain knowledge:

  academic knowledge helps to lay a solid foundation

  reading and writing skills are vital to career success

  having good presentation skills ensures promotion

  三条分支理由中比较好的表达有:

  lay a solid foundation, be vital to career success, ensure promotion. 分支理由越详细越好。Learn 作为万能理由我们可以正反面的充分论述观点,十分实用的论点。

  万能理由之三:Money, finance & economy

  很多话题都可以从经济的角度入手来回答。先来一道经典例题:The most important decision in your life.

  思路如下:

  Going to an overseas university

  Achieve my independence

  started to live on my own

  learned a lot of practical skills such as cooking

  became financially independent through a part-time job

  如果我们选择 going to an overseas university作为答案, 其中的一条主干理由就是 achieve my independence, 而在所有的independence 之中,financial independence 无疑是最直接、最现成、最有说服力的一种。简单说,就是通过在国外打工,earn money and make a living.

  有些题目属于一眼就看穿思路的,如:Living alone vs. sharing rooms with other people.

  Sharing rooms with other people is a better choice.

  Sharing rooms is more affordable:

  rental fee is relatively high for an average student

  sharing rooms can ease their financial burden

  other living expenses can also be shared

  在这个回答中,我们可以学习到很多跟钱相关的表达方式:affordable, rental fee, ease financial burden. 说穿了就是save money, reduce costs 的意思。

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