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GMAT语法最新知识点整理

2019-10-08 09:21

来源:新东方在线

作者:

  1.一般不用被动语态的动词或动词短语

  lead, cause, enable, become, receive, visit, visit, lack, enter, cost, possess, resemble, last, like, enjoy, notice, watch, look at, listen to, pay attention to, suit, fit, contain, so as to do, be able to, be likely to do

  2.GMAT考试中的有一部分既可以用主动语态也可以用被动语态的动词

  change, close, determine, end, finish, head, interest, issue, open, train

  sth. be aimed at doing; sb aim to do sth

  sth be intended to do sth; sb intend to do sth

  sth be targeted at sth; sb target sth

  3.直接加-ing分词作宾语的动词或动词短语的GMAT语法形式

  acknowledge, avoid, admit, enjoy, escape, suggest, assure, advocate, forbid, permit, favor, recommend, resist, risk, involve, deny, include

  give up, credit to (把...计入...), aim to (目的在于), contribute to (导致), in contrast to (和...相反), be suppose to (??? be supposed to do), object to (反对), be opposed to (反对), amount to (等于), be exposed / committed / limited / devoted to, lead to, be educated to, be / become accustomed / used to

  aid sb in doing, prevent / keep / prohibit / save sb from doing, accuse sb. of doing

  be expert at, be good at, criticize... for, praise...for, be capable of, be busy, have difficulty (in), have trouble (in)

  propose doing

  4.GMAT入门要掌握接不定式作宾语的动词,指不定式的动作往往与谓语动词的动作同时发生

  afford, agree, appear / seem, arrange, choose, claim, come (逐渐), elect, endeavor, expect, fail, promise, refuse, seek, select, threaten, venture, offer, prefer

  5.GMAT攻略:不定式作宾语补余的使用方法

  动词 (advise, allow, cause, compel, enable, invite, inspire, convince, expect, lead, require, use, order) + 名词短语 + 不定式

  6.省略to的不定式

  动词 (see, watch, notice, spot, hear, observe, perceive, overhead, feel, smell, let, make) + N. / Prep. + do

  make do (with / without) 凑合着做... , make believe 假装 (pretend)

  help (to) do...

  7.平行结构标志词

  连词: and, or, but, yet

  短语: rather than..., not only...but also..., from...to..., either... or..., neither...nor..., between...and..., both...and..., not...but rather..., not...but...,...as well as...

  8.比较结构中的习惯搭配

  as + adj. + a/an + n. + as... : 例句. Exercising is as good a way as any to lose unwanted weight

  more because... than because 更多是因为...而不是因为...

  not... so much A as B 与其说A倒不如说B

  the more... the more... 倒装结构,be 动词常可省略

  no more... than; no more than 与...同样不..

  no less... than. no less than 与...一样

  verb. + more of / less of than 这里more和less做副词修饰 verb, 指程度更大或者更小

  其他可以引出比较结构的词语:compared with, below, above, superior to

  9.其他GMAT语法固定搭配

  range from... to...

  forbid sth; forbid sb to do sth; forbit sb doing sth (forbid 和 prevent 的用法不同 - prevent sb from doing sth...)

  be in control; under control

  contrast with / to, in contrast to

  be regarded as, regard...as 名词 / 形容词 / -ing 分词

  rivalry between A and B, A rival B for / in...

  be in danger of doing... 处于...危险中

  need做名词 the need to do sth, the need for sb to do, the need for sth

  view... as...

  the possibility of doing, the possibility that 从句 (用将来时)

  have an impact on..., impact on...

  pay money for sth / doing sth

  require sb to do sth

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