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GRE写作要避免语言偏见

2019-03-28 09:26

来源:新东方在线

作者:

  Avoid Language Bias

  Suggestions for avoiding language that reinforces stereotypes or excludes certain groups of people.

  Sexism,Race Ethnicity,and National Origin,Age,Sexual Orientation

  Depersonalization of Persons with Disabilities or Illnesses

  Patronizing or Demeaning Expressions

  Language That Excludes or Unnecessarily Emphasizes Differences

  Sexism

  Sexism is the most difficult bias to avoid,in part because of the convention of using man or men and he or his to refer to people of either sex.Other,more disrespectful conventions include giving descriptions of women in terms of age and appearance while describing men in terms of accomplishment.

  Avoid This:1.mankind,man 2.man-made 3.man in the street

  Use This Instead

  1.human beings,humans,humankind,humanity,people,society,men and women

  2.synthetic,artificial

  3.average person,ordinary person

  Using gender-neutral terms for occupations,positions,roles,etc.

  Terms that specify a particular sex can unnecessarily perpetuate certain stereotypes when used generically.

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