新东方时时彩送38彩金平台游学

新东方网>长春新东方学校>国内考试>六级>正文

2019年6月大学英语六级阅读精练50篇08:校园记趣

2019-04-26 09:35

来源:新东方在线

作者:

  8. campus life

  an apple for the teacher

  american schoolchildren occasionally present an apple to the teacher. obviously the custom contains an element of bribery1 — you offer sweet fruit to authority figures to “ sweeten”2 their disposition3 . in schoolchildren’s case, the apple is offered to make their grades more favorable. therefore, the apple has more or less acquired a corrosive4 reputation and maybe for this reason, in slang english“ to applepolish ”means“ to flatter or fawn”and an applepolisher is a flatterer.

  but the custom might also be explained as a fair payment for the teacher’s instruction. in the early days of public education, school teachers were not always salaried. often they would be paid in goods and services, offered by either the school, or the pupils or the parents. . .. therefore, the occasional gift of an apple for the teacher in today’s classroom should be a welcome reminder of the era when education was one -to-one and when teaching meant enlightening the students rather than identifying their rankings.

  caps and gowns

  for students, the most exciting moment may be the graduation ceremony5: parents, relatives and friends are invited to the ceremony; all the graduates are wearing black square flat caps and gowns. they all await the president to announce in the end,“now, please move your tassels from right to left. ”

  the caps and gowns worn by high school and college graduates today are survivors of the everyday dress worn by members of the academic community in medieval europe. the majority of scholars in the middle ages6 were churchmen, or soon to become so, and their dress was often strictly regulated by the universities where they taught and studied. the standard clerical dress throughout europe was the long black cope. the original preference for black was changed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, as such colors as red, violet and purple came into fashion; but by the renaissance black was back, as the color black symbolized simple and plain, or austere way of life in the sixteenth century. with few exceptions, modern universities keep that ceremonial austerity.

  the origin of the square flat cap, or mortarboard7 , is obscure, though it probably derives from the medieval biretta . such a tufted square cap is considered the badge of the 024 mastership , and is later adopted by undergraduates and schoolboys. the term mortarboard does not appear in english until the 1850 s. the tassel that graduates transfer from one side to another as a signal of their elevation is an outgrowth of the medieval tuft. the tuft still appears on the modern biretta, worn by bishops throughout the church of rome .

  阅读自测

  Ⅰ. true o r false :

  1. nowadays, american pupils always offer an apple to the teacher in order to get a better grade.

  2. in the early days of public education, schoolteachers were paid in money.

  3. in america, the caps and gowns are only adopted by college graduates during graduation ceremonies.

  4. before the renaissance, the standard clerical dress was black.

  5. the biretta was considered the mark of scholarship.

  6. that the graduates move the tassel from one side to the other is a signal of elevation.

  Ⅱ. questions :

  1. according to the passage, when you say somebody is an apple polisher, what do you really mean by saying that?

  2. for students, when is the most exciting moment?

  3. after graduation, which side should you put your tassel, right or left?

新东方长春学校官方微信:新东方长春学校 (微信号:ccxdfcn

最新考试资讯、考试政策解读、真题解析,请扫一扫二维码,关注我们的官方微信!

相关推荐

  • 中学辅导
  • 大学辅导
  • 出国辅导
  • 热门活动

版权及免责声明

凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。

博聚网