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2019年12月英语四级语法之同形异义词辨析(9)

2019-08-12 10:06

来源:新东方在线

作者:

  1. They the report to the State council for approval.

  A) made B) submitted

  C) committed D) admitted

  2. We'd like to a table for five for dinner this evening.

  A) preserve B) reserve C) retain D) sustain

  3. The European Union countries were once worried that they would not have

  supplies of petroleum. (2002.06)

  A) proficient B) efficient

  C) potential D) sufficient

  4. The life of the vice mayor was exposed in the newspaper.

  A) corrupt B) bankrupt

  C) abrupt D) incorrupt

  5. Chinese vases are around the gallery according to their authors' names.

  A) composed B) disposed C) impose D) expose

  解题小贴士

  1. 【B】

  词根mit意为"送、投掷";sub-(under)+mit(to send)=(使)服从,(使)顺从(在下面传递);com-(with)+mit(to send)=委托,犯罪(传送→委托),固定搭配commit a crime犯罪;ad-(to)+mit(to throw)=承认,允许(送入,移进)。正确答案为B,题目译文为:"他们把报告上交给州议会批准。"

  2. 【B】

  词根serv意为"服务,保持";pre-(before)+serve(to keep)=保存,保管;re-(back) +serve(to keep)=保留,预定(秘密地保留→不出来)。正确答案B,题目译文为:"我们想订一张今晚5个人吃饭的位置。"

  3. 【D】

  pro-(forward)+fic(do)+ient(a.)=熟练的,专家(做得更好→进步);efficient有效率的,能干的;sufficient充分的,足够的。正确答案为D,题目译文为:"欧盟国家曾担心会没有足够供应的石油供应。"

  4. 【A】

  词根rupt意为"打破",cor-(wholly)+rupt(to break)= 腐败的,贪污的(完全受损);bankrupt破产的(银行倒闭的);ab-(off)+rupt(to break)=突然的,陡峭的;incorrupt为A的反义词。所以正确答案为A,题目译文为:"副市长的腐败生活在报纸上曝了光。"

  5. 【B】

  词根pos意为"放置",com-(together)+pose(to place)=构成,作曲;dis-(apart)+pose=陈列,布置(个别分开放置);im-(on)+pose=课税,强使(置于之上);ex-(out)+pose=暴露,使曝光(置于外部)。所以正确答案为B,题目译文为:"根据作者名字的顺序,中国式样的花瓶被摆放在陈列室的四周。"

  1. miss, mit=to send(送),to throw(投;掷)

  admit v. 容许,承认,接纳【ad-(=to)+mit=送入,移入。名词admission】

  commit vt. 犯(错误),干(坏事),把……交托给,提交,答应负责【com-(=to)+mit=传送→委托。名词commission】

  emit vt. 发出,放射【e-(=ex-=out)+mit=送出。名词emission】

  permit v. 许可,允许,准许【per-(=through)+mit=通过每一关。名词permission】

  transmit vt. 传输,转送,传达【trans-(across)+mit=送到对面。名词transmission】

  submit vt. 提交,递交【sub-(under)+mit=在下面传递】

  2. pose=to place, to put(置;放)

  pose ① v. (使……)摆好姿势,形成,引起,造成;② n. 姿势【放置的状态】

  compose v. 组成,写作,排字【com-(=together)+pose=放在一起】

  expose vt. 使暴露,受到,使曝光【ex-(=out)+pose=置于外部】

  impose ① vi. 使影响 ②(常on, upon与连用)课税;加税【im-(=on)+pose=置于……之上】

  dispose v. 处理,处置【dis-(apart)+pose=个别分开放置】

  3. serve=to serve(服务),to keep(保持)

  conserve vt. 保存,保藏【con-(=together)+serve=共同保有】

  deserve vt. 应受,值得【de-(fully)+serve=值得完全用尽】

  preserve vt. 保护,保持,保存【pre-(before)+serve=事先保留】

  reserve vt. 储备,保存,保留,预定【re-(back)+serve=隐秘保留】

  4. rupt=to break(打破)

  rupture v. 破裂,裂开

  abrupt a. 突然的,陡峭的,生硬的【ab-(=ad-=off)+rupt=突然破裂】

  bankrupt a. 破产了的【bank+rupt银行倒闭】

  disrupt v. 使中断,使分裂【dis-(=apart)+rupt=破裂分散】

  erupt vt. 喷出【e-(=ex-=out)+rupt=破壳而出】

  interrupt vt. 打断(正在说话或动作的人),中断【inter+rupt=割入其间的】

  5. press=to press(压)

  compress vt. 压缩,浓缩【com-(=together)+press=压在一起】

  depress vt. 使沮丧,使消沉【de-(=down)+press=压在下方】

  impress vt. 印,盖印,留下印象【im-(=in-=on)+press=押附在心上】

  oppress vt. 压迫,压抑【op-(=ob-=again)+press=对……施加压力】

  express ① vt. 表达,表示 ② n. 快车,快递【ex-(=out)+press=挤压出来】

  suppress vt. 镇压,抑制,查禁【sup-(=sub-=under)+press=压在下方】

  6. fine=to end(结束)

  infinite a. 无穷的,无限的【in-(not)+finite=没有结束】

  confine vt. 限制,禁闭【con-(=together)+fine=共有的界限】

  define vt. 定义,详细说明【de-(down)+fine=定下界限】

  refine vt. 精炼,精制【re-(back, against)+fine=使再度完成】

  7. volve=to roll(滚;卷)

  involve vt.(常与in连用)包括;牵涉,拖累【in-(=into)+volve=卷入其中】

  evolve v.(使)发展,(使)进展【e-(=ex-=out)+volve=向外回转】

  revolve v.(使)旋转,考虑【re-(back, against)+volve=使改变想法】

  8. view

  interview vt. 接见,会见【inter-(=between)+view=彼此见面】

  preview vt. 事先查看,预展,预演【pre-(before)+view=提前看】

  review vt. 回顾,复习【re-(back)+view=重新看】

  500岁的David在风雨历程中展望未来,而不仅仅是回忆过去。

  "We want David's 500th birthday to spark debate, to be controversial, to challenge people about what art is today, not just what it was 500 years ago," he said at a conference presenting the birthday events at the Accademia museum where David has been displayed since 1873.

  1. spark: vt. 发动,鼓舞n. 火花,闪光 The incident sparked a controversy. 这一事件引发了一场争端。

  2. controversial: a. 引起争论的,有争议的 a controversial movie 一场有争议的电影

  【单词变形】controversy(n. 争论)

  3. display: vt.& n. 陈列,展览,显示 On New Year's Eve the display of fireworks offers many attractions. 除夕之夜的焰火很吸引人。

  1. With the help of the government, a large number of people after the flood in 1991.

  A) survived B) suspended

  C) suffered D) subjected

  2. The secretary the details of the secret meeting to some newspapers.

  A) composed B) exposed C) imposed D) pose

  3. The of film has been given to the director.

  A) description B) prescription C) subscription D) script

  4. The boy can recite the poet in order.

  A) verse B) diverse C) reverse D) vertical

  5. Fresh air, and enough exercise to good health.

  A) contribute B) add

  C) attribute D) distribute

  6. Only important personages were to the opening ceremony.

  A) permitted B) accepted C) admitted D) allowed

  7. I want you to check this because it may have been based on insufficient information.

  A) inference B) reference

  C) preference D) conference

  8. The government the budget to the Parliament for approval.

  A) took B) admitted

  C) submitted D) permitted

  9. The audience was profoundly by the marvelous performance.

  A) compressed B) depressed

  C) impressed D) oppressed

  10. Deep freezing is now a common method of fruit and vegetables.

  A) conserving B) deserving

  C) preserving D) reserving

  Take off my skin and I won't cry, but you will, what am I?

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